Controlling, Preventing and Eliminating Pharaoh Ants
If your home, grocery store, hospital or building is infested with ants, the Pharaoh Ant is very likely the culprit. It is abundant in every state in the country and is the number one nuisance of all ants. It is a very tiny ant of about 1/16" long. It prefers to nest indoors and is such a prolific breeder, it can split into multiple colonies making it difficult to eliminate.
Pharaoh Ants have a wide color range from light yellow and tan to reddish-brown that can almost appear to be black. Its hind-side is frequently darker and appears to be banded. Pharaoh Ants are often called "Sugar Ants" or "Piss Ants".
Why Pharaoh Ants Are Difficult To Control
The best way to stop an infestation of Pharaoh Ants is not letting them inside. Once they get a foothold internally, so many nesting colonies will be created that it may take the services of an expert pest control company to get rid of them. But even that route will take time, patience, and good diligent, preventive practices by a homeowner or business owner.
Pharaoh Ants have intuitive instincts and characteristics. What makes them difficult to eliminate is that unlike most ant species, its nests have multiple queens resulting in a rapid reproduction rate. Some nests have many queens that can lay 10 to 12 eggs in every batch and it only takes less than 45 days from hatch to reaching sexually mature adulthood.
Pharaoh queen ants breed continuously throughout their 4-12 month lifespan. The Pharaoh male usually only lives 3-5 weeks after mating but there is always a male willing to continue the exponential growth of both new males and queens.
Here's why Pharaoh Ants are really difficult to eliminate. A Pharaoh queen will leave an existing nest taking adult workers, juniors and even eggs with her to establish a new colony. This characteristic can lead to a briskly multiplying number of nests over a very short period.
Their natural instincts are very intuitive. When they detect a repelling odor, they communicate that to other ants. If a toxic substance disturbs it, they will scatter which often leads them to fracture and create new colonies. If you elect to use insecticides, don't spray them with toxic liquid chemicals. It is best to use baits laced with delayed action poisons they will most likely take back to their nests for all to "enjoy".
Habitat of The Pharaoh Ant
The favorite food of Pharaoh Ants is primarily sweet and oily foods but will eat anything edible including other insects. Although they prefer to nest indoors, they will establish colonies outside but will build nests near homes, restaurants, stores, hospitals and other establishments making it easier to penetrate when searching for water and food sources.
Their favorite targets are kitchen areas but will nest in places where food is not commonly found. Ant colonies will be found in wall voids, cabinet voids, refrigerator insulation and behind baseboards. They prefer dark secluded areas that are nearby hot water pipes. They communicate with emitted pheromones alerting others of danger and where food is located which is why they establish trail patterns.
Getting Rid of Pharaoh Ants, Best Way To Kill Them
Pharaoh Ants are so small, they can get inside via the tiniest of cracks and crevices that are not evident. If you are not infested internally, don't entice them. They are after easy food targets, so practicing cleanliness and housekeeping routines is the best way to avoid future infestation. Read how to repel ants without using chemical insecticides.
If you are presently infested with Pharaoh Ants, which are often called Sugar Ants. you will likely need to seek the services of an expert pest control management company that has experience in getting rid of an ant infestation. If you do call a pest control service, quiz them on how they will approach the problem and what methods it plans to use.
Toxic chemical liquid insecticides can be unsafe and hazardous to people and pets. Buying cans of toxic chemical sprays will only kill those you directly spray, but it will not affect those thousands that are in the nest. In fact, spraying them will frequently cause queens to leave a nest and create another one in safer territory.
Ant baits are absolutely the best way to get rid of an infestation. Here's why: Ant bait mixes a food attractant with insecticide. Ants will take the bait back to an entire colony that will consume the bait including the queens.
Ant baits with slow-acting insecticides are best because ants may have a tendency to "sample" the bait. Instead of an instant kill, the delayed action gives ants ample time to transport the bait to the nest. It is almost impossible to get rid of heavy infestation without applying the mass-exterminating method that baits provide.
How To Get Rid Of Pharaoh Ants